Minecraft Enchantments Guide

Minecraft Enchantments Guide

Enchanting in Minecraft is characterized by enchanting tools, weapons, books, armor and some other items via the enchantment table. You spend experience points to improve the characteristics of the item you enchant or to add to it to make it better.

minecraft enchanting table

Since the official release of the game in November 2011, Minecraft has had a lot of big changes. One of the most important is the ability to enchant your equipment. The following short guide will introduce you to this addition and especially explain it to you so that you master the art of enchanting.

The necessary equipment

In order to enchant your equipment, you will need the following items:

minecraft enchanting table in library
An enchanting table in a library
  • enchantment table: used to enchant items, which makes it a vital block for enchanting.
  • library : each library increases the level of enchantments.
  • lapis lazuli : necessary to feed the table.
  • book : you can enchant a book and then apply its enchantment to another object via an anvil.

You can easily make libraries thanks to the villages, you will have to mine to find lapis lazuli and you will find books in the villages. You can follow the steps below if you don’t know how to make an enchantment table.

Enchanting methods

There are three ways to enchant an item in Survival mode:

  • Via an enchantment table in exchange for experience points and lapis lazuli. Only unenchanted items can be enchanted this way.
  • Via an anvil, by combining an enchanted book with an item.
  • Via an anvil, by combining two items of the same type with different existing enchantments into one item that has the enchantments of both.

A player can also obtain already enchanted items:

  • Via a villager, who can trade certain enchanted items for emeralds.
  • Through fishing, which gives a chance to get enchanted items.
  • Via a zombie, a drowning person, a mummified zombie, a skeleton etc: if they have enchanted items and the player kills them, he has an 8.5% chance of dropping each of the said items.
  • Via the discovery of these items in End cities and other various treasure chests, such as wrecks, mine shafts, dungeons, desert temples, jungle temples, forest mansions, sea ruins and fortresses.
  • Kill raiders and vindicators in raids.

Server operators and players in single-player worlds where cheats are allowed can also enchant items using commands such as /enchant. When enchanted with the /give command, the maximum enchantment level is 2,147,483,647. In Creative mode, items can be enchanted via anvil and enchanted books, with no experience points required. Enchanted books are available in the Creative mode inventory, with individual book displays for the highest level of each enchantment and other levels available via the “Search” tab.

Using the enchantment table

An object can be enchanted by using an enchantment table and placing the object in the input boxes and 1-3 Lapis Lazuli in its dedicated box. Once the item is placed, three (pseudo) random options appear on the right side of the GUI. The glyphs here do not affect the enchantment, but hovering over an enchantment shown shows an enchantment to apply (on mobile devices, the player can tap on an enchantment before placing the lapis lazuli or hold the enchantment before releasing it). The only choices available have a level requirement equal to or less than the player’s current level and a lapis lazuli requirement equal to or less than the number of lapis lazuli placed in the table.

minecraft enchanting table interface
The interface of the enchanting table.

Each option has a set of random enchantments that depend on the number of experience levels required (for example, a level 10 enchantment may give a deck the “Efficiency II” enchantment); the actual cost of the level and the number of lapis lazuli required have no effect.

Although the player must have at least the required level to obtain an enchantment, the number of levels they must pay is the same as the number of lapis lazuli required. For example, if the third enchantment listed is a level 30-50 enchantment, the player must have at least 30 levels, pays only 3 levels and 3 lapis lazuli.

The level requirement influences the amount, type, and level of enchantments instilled in the item, with higher levels of experience generally resulting in more and/or higher level enchantments. Nevertheless, there is a significant random factor, and even a level 30 enchantment (the maximum) does not guarantee more than one enchantment, or even that enchantments are “maximum strength”-a level 30 enchantment may still give Fortune II or Efficiency III alone, for example.

enchanting diamond pickaxe minecraft
A diamond pickaxe being enchanted.

To increase the enchantment level, the shelves must be placed next to the enchantment table while keeping an air block between them. To access the level 30 enchantments mentioned above, a total of 15 shelves must be placed around the enchantment table. See the enchantment mechanics page for more information on this topic.

Enchanting a book produces an enchanted book, which does nothing by itself, but effectively “saves” the enchantment for later application to another object with an anvil.

Unlike the anvil, using the enchantment table in Creative mode costs experience. However, if the player does not have enough experience, the experience reduces to zero and the enchantment still works, even when using the enchantment table while already at zero level.

Changing the Enchantments Available

Enchanting an item at any enchantment level changes the player’s enchantment seed, which changes the possible enchantments for each item at each enchantment level. Thus, if none of the available enchantments for a tool are desired, 1 lapis lazuli and 1 level could be spent to enchant a different book or tool to refresh the list.

The possible enchantments depend on the player’s enchantment seed, the type of item and material, and the enchantment level (1-30). Removing the item and putting it back, clicking on another item’s slot, using another item of the same type and material, replacing or moving the table (but keeping the same number of bookcases), using another table with the same number of bookcases, or replacing or rearranging the bookcases without changing their total number does not affect the possible enchantments.

Changing the enchantment levels offered by adding, deleting, or blocking libraries changes the enchantments shown, but does not change the possible enchantments; using another enchantment table with the previous library number keeps the previous enchantments. The enchantments for a particular enchantment level (with the same seed and item) also differ depending on the row in which they appear, but they are not “better” or “worse” depending on the row, despite the different resource costs.

Using the anvil to combine enchantments

An anvil can be used to combine the enchantments of two objects, sacrificing one and repairing the other. The items must be compatible; they must either be of the same type and material (such as two iron swords), or an item and an enchanted book with an applicable enchantment (such as a bow and an enchanted book of infinity).

Combining two items, books, or one of each item with the same enchantment at the same level produces an item or book with the next higher level of that enchantment up to the maximum allowed in survival mode; for example, a book with Spines I and Strength II combined with a book with Strength II produces a book with Spines I and Strength III.

combine enchanting minecraft anvil
Two diamond picks enchanted in an anvil.

To combine items, the player places the target item in the first slot of the anvil and the sacrifice item in the second slot. If the combination is allowed, the resulting enchanted item appears in the output slot of the anvil and an experience level cost, called the “Enchant Cost”, appears below it (green if the player has enough experience levels, red if they do not). To complete the enchantment, the player removes the enchanted item from the anvil’s exit slot, and his experience level is reduced accordingly.

The cost of experience depends on the enchantments, with heavily enchanted items costing more. If the target object is also repaired, this also costs more. The target object can also be renamed, which costs extra. There is also a cumulative surcharge for previous work done on the anvil. In Survival Mode, jobs that cost more than 39 experience levels are disallowed although it is still possible to do the same job in stages. For example, a damaged enchanted bow can be repaired on an anvil with an ordinary bow, and then another enchanted bow can be used to combine enchantments with the repaired bow.

Using an Enchanted Book

Enchanted books can be made by using an enchantment table to enchant a book. (They can also be found in generated chests, purchased with emeralds from a bookstore in a village, or fished out of a fishing pole).

enchanting book in enchanting table
Enchanting a book in an enchanting table.

The book can receive several enchantments of any type, but only the enchantments appropriate for a given type of object can be applied to that object. For example, the same book can receive both Apnea and Power enchantments, but the Apnea enchantment is lost if the book is applied to any object other than a helmet, and the Power enchantment is lost if the book is applied to any object other than a bow.

Enchanted books are used on an anvil to add enchantments to objects, including other books. They can apply certain enchantments to objects that cannot be enchanted from an enchantment table, such as applying Thorn to boots.

In Creative mode, books can enchant any item with any enchantment, such as a staff with a Recoil II enchantment.

The experience costs of using books are considerably lower than combining items with similar enchantments, since the books themselves cost levels to create. However, this is still an additional cost, and enchantment items directly have a chance to get multiple enchantments. The advantage of books is that they can be stored for use on an item of choice and allow controlled combinations.

For example, a book with Silk Touch can be used on an axe, a pickaxe, or a shovel, and the player can decide which item gets which enchantment.

Disenchanting an object

The only way to disenchant items is to use the grinding wheel or to repair it. Using the grinding wheel removes all enchantments (except the Curse of Binding and the Curse of Vanishing) and gives experience back according to the level of the enchantment(s) and their value.

disenchanting minecraft object with grinding wheel
Interface of the grinding wheel to disenchant a pickaxe.

List of Enchantments

Each enchantment in the table below includes attributes that the player can legitimately acquire in Survival Mode. Other combinations are possible in Creative mode or with cheats, mods or third-party software.

Aqua AffinityRemoves the slowdown of underwater mining.
Bane of ArthropodsIncreases damage and applies Slowness IV to arthropod mobs (spiders, cave spiders, silverfish, endermites and bees).
Blast ProtectionReduces explosion damage and knockback.
ChannelingTrident “channels” a bolt of lightning toward a hit entity. Functions only during thunderstorms and if target is unobstructed with opaque blocks.
CleavingIncreases damage and shield stunning.
Curse of BindingItems cannot be removed from armor slots, except in Creative mode or due to death or breaking.
Curse of VanishingItem destroyed on death.
Depth StriderIncreases underwater movement speed.
EfficiencyIncreases mining speed. When applied to an Axe it increases the chance that the axe may stun a shield, with the base chance being 25% and a 5% increase for each level of efficiency.
Feather FallingReduces fall damage.
Fire AspectSets target on fire.
Fire ProtectionReduces fire damage and burn time.
Mutually exclusive with other protections.
FlameArrows set the target on fire, and ignite TNT if hit.
FortuneIncreases certain block drops. Higher levels increase chances.
Frost WalkerTurns water beneath the player into frosted ice and prevents the damage the player would take from standing on magma blocks.
ImpalingTrident deals additional damage to mobs that spawn naturally in the ocean. In Bedrock Edition, having impaling on a trident also deals extra damage to players or mobs in water or rain.
InfinityShooting consumes no regular arrows. Does not include Tipped Arrows or Spectral Arrows.
KnockbackIncreases knockback.
LootingIncreases mob loot. Higher levels increase loot dropped.
LoyaltyTrident returns after being thrown. Higher levels reduce return time.
Luck of the SeaIncreases rate of good loot (enchanting books, etc.). Higher Levels Increase chance.
LureDecreases wait time until fish/junk/loot “bites”. Higher Levels increase speed.
MendingRepair the item while gaining XP orbs.
MultishotShoot 3 arrows at the cost of one; only one arrow can be recovered.
PiercingArrows pass through multiple entities. Only available to the Crossbow.
PowerIncreases arrow damage.
Projectile ProtectionReduces projectile damage such as damage from arrows, thrown tridents, ghast and blaze fireballs, etc.
ProtectionReduces most types of damage by 4%‌[JE only] or 5%‌[BE only] for each level.
PunchIncreases arrow knockback.
Quick ChargeDecreases crossbow charging time.
RespirationExtends underwater breathing time. Stacks with a Turtle Shell
RiptideTrident launches player with itself when thrown. Functions only in water or rain.
SharpnessIncreases damage for melee weapons.
Silk TouchMined blocks drop themselves, with a few exceptions.
SmiteIncreases damage to undead mobs.
Soul SpeedIncreases walking speed on soul sand or Soul Soil, but damages the Boots overtime
Sweeping EdgeIncreases sweeping attack damage.
Swift SneakAllows you to walk faster while sneaking.
ThornsReflects some of the damage taken when hit, at the cost of reducing durability with each proc.
UnbreakingReduces the chance of an item taking damage. Higher levels reduce the chance further.
List of all enchantments in Minecraft
All Minecraft Enchantments Explained

List of the best enchantments by items

  • List of the best enchantments for the sword
  • List of the best enchantments for the bow
  • List of the best enchantments for the helmet
  • List of the best enchantments for the breastplate
  • List of the best enchantments for the leggings
  • List of the best enchantments for the boots
  • List of the best enchantments for the trident
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