How do I use the /effect command in Minecraft ?

The /effect command in Minecraft lets you give or remove a potion effect from a player. Whether to increase strength, speed or even inflict a harmful effect such as blindness, this Minecraft command offers great flexibility in customizing the gaming experience.

/effect command syntax

The syntax of the /effect command varies between Minecraft versions.

Java Edition (1.13 and later)

To give an effect :

/effect give <targets> <effect> [seconds] [amplifier] [hideParticles]

To delete an effect :

/effect clear <targets> [effect]

Java Edition (1.8 to 1.12)

To give an effect :

/effect <player> <effect> [seconds] [amplifier] [hideParticles]

To remove an effect :

/effect <player> clear

The arguments are as follows :

  • targets or player : the name of the player or a target selector.
  • effect : the name of the potion effect.
  • seconds : effect duration in seconds (optional, default 30 seconds).
  • amplifier : effect level (optional, default 0).
  • hideParticles : whether or not to hide effect particles (optional, default false).

How to enter the /effect command

  1. Open the chat window by pressing the T key (Java Edition) or by using the command corresponding to your version.
  2. Type the /effect command followed by the appropriate arguments.
  3. Press Enter to execute the command.

Examples of use

  • To give the Force IV effect to a player called Keither for 45 seconds : /effect Keither minecraft:strength 45 3
  • To give the Improved Jump II effect to a player for 50 seconds : /effect Keither 8 50 1
  • To remove all effects from a player : /effect Keither clear

Additional information

  • The /effect command is available in Java, Pocket Edition, Xbox One, PS4, Nintendo Switch, Windows 10 Edition and Education Edition.
  • Effects can be beneficial or harmful
  • The amplifier is used to increase the effect level, for example, an amplifier of 3 will give a Force IV effect.

Using the /effect command, you can customize the game experience by adding player-specific effects, which can add an extra dimension to your Minecraft adventures.

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